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Capacity Building and Co-managment in Iran
Fact Sheet 1.0 MB PDF

Supporting Wetland Management and Improved Livelihoods at Fereydoon Kenar, Iran Through Development of Trappers Associations and Trust Funds

Technical Brief 2.1 MB PDF

Education and Raising Public Awareness in Iran
Fact Sheet 782 KB PDF

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Fereydoon Kenar, Ezbaran & Sorkhe Rud Damgahs

Geographic Location

The site is located at 36° 40' N, 52° 33' E, 23 m below sea level, on the coastal plain of the Southeast Caspian lowlands, 5 km south of the village of Fereydoon Kenar and 13 km southwest of Babolsar, Mazandaran.


This site, which covers a large area of ricefields, has been designated as a Non-Shooting Area. The area comprises four “Damgahs” or duck trapping areas (Fereydoon Kenar, Ezbaran, Eastern and Western Sorkh Rud) and also a Wildlife Refuge (Fereydoon Kenar WR, 48ha.) is located in the northeastern part of these damgahs. Each damgah consists of a complex of shallow freshwater impoundments situated in harvested rice paddies, developed as duck-hunting areas, and surrounded by forest strips and reed enclosures. The area is situated in the southeast Caspian lowlands; it is of outstanding importance as the winter quarters of the western population of the Siberian Crane (Grus leucogeranus), but also extremely important as a wintering area for many other species of waterfowl, notably dabbling ducks (Anas spp.) and Geese (Anser spp), as well as large raptors. Threatened species recorded at the site include Red-breasted and Lesser White-fronted Geese, Ferruginous Duck and Dalmatian Pelican.

Conservation Status

To ensure that the waterfowl are not disturbed, the duck trappers enforce a very strict ban on shooting activities in the area, as well as all other unnecessary human activity. As a result, the damgah wetlands and surrounding ricefields constitute one of the best protected and least disturbed wetlands in the South Caspian lowlands. Relatively few birds other than common species such as mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) and teal A. crecca are trapped, and thus for the many thousands of other ducks, geese and shorebirds and for the cranes, conditions are ideal. The site has been a Non Shooting Area since June 2001, covering Fereydoon Kenar damgah (trapping area) and Fereydoon Kenar Wildlife Refuge including more than a 1-km buffer zone (approximately) around each of these areas. Additionally, the site has been identified as an "Important Bird Area" by BirdLife International (Evans, 1994), and was designated as a Ramsar site in 2003.

SCWP Objectives

Department of Environment has received an 8 ha block of old Caspian forest from the Office of Natural Resources. It is currently covered by degraded forest and lies immediately adjacent to the south end of the area used by the Siberian Cranes. A monitoring/guard station, education center and aviary will be established there under the SCWP. The project is also seeking ways to implement and/or improve trappers unions and increase coordination between trappers and the government to improve their standard of living. A main challenge faced in this area is to prevent illegal shooting; the project is working to achieve full control of the area by guards recruited from the local community. The project is also working to monitor the waterbird trapping in the long term, with the view of improving its sustainability while maintaining local traditions and income to local communities.


River through Feyerdoon Kenar

Duck flock at Feyerdoon Kenar

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Last update: 16 November 2007

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